Approved Medical EMS Abbreviations

Alphabetical Index:

Abbreviation.............................Definition

[Aa]

@............................................. at
AAA.......................................... abdominal aortic aneurysm
ABD.......................................... abdomen
ABC.......................................... airway, breathing, circulation
AC............................................ antecubital
ACLS........................................ advanced cardiac life support
A&D......................................... admission and discharge
AED.......................................... automatic external defibrillator
A-fib......................................... atrial fibrillation
AIDS........................................ acquired immune deficiency syndrome
ALS.......................................... advanced life support
AKA.......................................... also known as/ above the knee amputation
A.M.A., AMA.............................. against medical advice
AMI.......................................... acute myocardial infarction
AMT.......................................... amount
AOS......................................... arrived on scene
APAP........................................ acetaminophen
APGAR...................................... infant assessment scale
APPROX................................... approximately
ASA.......................................... aspirin
ASHD....................................... arteriosclerotic heart disease

[Bb]

BB........................................... backboard/ bundle branch
BBB......................................... bundle branch block
BBS......................................... bilateral breath sounds
bilat........................................ bilateral
BKA ........................................ below knee amputation
BLS......................................... basic life support
BM.......................................... bowel movement
BP.......................................... blood pressure
BG.......................................... blood glucose
BVM........................................ bag valve mask

[Cc]

CABG....................................... coronary artery bypass graft
CAD......................................... coronary artery disease
CAOx3..................................... conscious, alert, oriented to person, place and time
CA........................................... cancer
Cath........................................ catheterization
CC........................................... chief complain
CCU......................................... coronary care unit/critical care unit
CHF......................................... congestive heart failure
CNS......................................... central nervous system
C/O......................................... complains of
CO2........................................ carbon dioxide
COD........................................ cause of death
COPD...................................... chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP........................................... chest pain
CPR......................................... cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CQI......................................... continuous quality improvement
CSF......................................... cerebral spinal fluid
CT scan................................... computerized axial tomography
CVA......................................... cerebral vascular accident

[Dd]

DA........................................... drug abuse
D/C......................................... discontinue or discharge
DCAP-BTLS.............................. deformities, contusions, punctures & penetrations,
burns, tenderness, lacerations.
DNR ........................................ do not resuscitate
DOA......................................... dead on arrival
DOS......................................... dead on scene
DT’s......................................... delirium tremens
DVT......................................... deep vein thrombosis
D5W....................................... dextrose 5% in water
DX.......................................... diagnosis

[Ee]

ECG........................................ electrocardiogram
EEG........................................ electroencephalogram
EENT...................................... eyes, ears, nose, throat
EJ........................................... external jugular
EMS........................................ Emergency Medical Services
EMT........................................ Emergency Medical Technician
EOA ....................................... esophageal obturator airway
EPS........................................ extra pyramidal symptoms
ETA........................................ estimated time of arrival
ETOH...................................... ethyl alcohol
ET........................................... endotracheal tube
EXT......................................... external (extension)

[Ff]

F............................................. female
FB........................................... foreign body
FOB........................................ foreign object/ body
FLEX....................................... flexion
FROM...................................... full range of motion
FX........................................... fracture

[Gg]

g............................................. gram(s)
GCS......................................... Glasgow Coma Scale
GI............................................ gastrointestinal
GOA ........................................ gone on arrival
GSW........................................ gunshot wound
gtts......................................... drops
GU........................................... genitourinary
GYN......................................... gynecology

[Hh]

H/A......................................... headache
HEENT.................................... head, ears, eyes, nose, throat
HIV......................................... human immune deficiency virus
HR.......................................... heart rate
HTN........................................ hypertension
Hx........................................... history
hyper...................................... above or high
hypo....................................... below or low

[Ii]

ICF.......................................... intracellular fluid
ICP.......................................... intracranial pressure
ICS.......................................... intercostals space
ICU.......................................... intensive care unit
IM............................................ intramuscular
IO............................................ intraosseous
IV............................................ intravenous
IVP.......................................... intravenous push
IVPB........................................ intravenous piggy back

[Jj]

J.............................................. joules
JVD.......................................... jugular vein distension

[Kk]

Kg........................................... kilogram
KO.......................................... keep open
KVO........................................ keep vein open

[Ll]

L&D......................................... labor and delivery
LAT.......................................... lateral
LBBB........................................ left bundle branch block
lb............................................. pound
LLQ..........................................left lower quadrant
LMP..........................................last menstrual period
LOC......................................... loss of consciousness
LR............................................ lactated ringers
L-Spine.................................... lumbar spine
LSB.......................................... long spine board
LUQ......................................... left upper quadrant

[Mm]

MAE......................................... moves all extremities
MAST....................................... military anti-shock trousers
mcg......................................... microgram
MCI......................................... mass casualty incident
MDI ........................................ metered dose inhaler
ME........................................... medical examiner
mEq......................................... millequilvalent
MED......................................... medication/ medium
mg........................................... milligram
MICU....................................... medical intensive care unit
MI........................................... myocardial infarction
MOI........................................ mechanism of injury
MRI......................................... magnetic resonance imaging
MS.......................................... morphine sulfate/ multiple sclerosis
MVA........................................ motor vehicle accident

[Nn]

NaCl........................................ sodium chloride
NAD......................................... no acute distress
NC........................................... nasal cannula
NEB......................................... nebulizer
NKA, NKDA.............................. no known allergies, no known drug allergies
NRM, NRB................................ non-rebreather mask
NS........................................... normal saline
NSR ........................................ normal sinus rhythm
NT........................................... non-tender
NTI.......................................... nasotracheal intubation
NTG......................................... nitro- nitroglycerine
N/V.......................................... nausea and vomiting
N/V/D...................................... nausea, vomiting and diarrhea

[Oo]

O2........................................... oxygen
O2Sat...................................... oxygen saturation by pulse oximeter
OB........................................... obstetrics
OD........................................... overdose
OPA......................................... oralpharyngeal airway
OPQRST...................................onset, provoking factors, quality, radiation,
severity, time.
OTC......................................... over the counter
(OU)........................................ both eyes

[Pp]

P............................................. pulse
PAC......................................... premature atrial contraction
PALP....................................... palpation
PALS....................................... pediatric advanced life support
PASG...................................... pneumatic antishock garment
PCN......................................... penicillin
PE........................................... physical examination/ pulmonary embolism/
pulmonary edema.
PEA......................................... pulseless electrical activity
PEEP....................................... positive end expiratory pressure
PEARL..................................... pupils equal and reactive to light
PJC......................................... premature junctional contraction
PMHx...................................... past medical history
PO.......................................... orally
POV........................................ privately owned vehicle
PRN, prn................................. as needed
PSVT....................................... paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
PT........................................... patient
PTA ........................................ prior to arrival
PVC........................................ premature ventricular contraction

[Qq]

q............................................. every
QAM, qam............................... every morning
qd........................................... every day
qh........................................... every hour
q2h......................................... every two hours
q3h ........................................ every three hours
q4h ........................................ every four hours
QHS, qhs................................. every night at bedtime
qid or QID............................... four times a day
qod, QOD................................ every other day

[Rr]

R/O......................................... rule out
ROM........................................ range of motion/movement
(R)........................................... right
RLQ......................................... right lower quadrant
RUQ........................................ right upper quadrant
Rx........................................... prescription therapy

[Ss]

SaO2....................................... systemic arterial oxygen saturation (%)
SIDS........................................ sudden infant death syndrome
SL............................................ sublingual
SOB......................................... short of breath
SpO2....................................... oxygen saturation by pulse oximeter
ST............................................ sinus tachycardia
STAT........................................ at once
STD..........................................sexually transmitted disease
SQ........................................... subcutaneous
SR........................................... sinus rhythm
START..................................... simple triage & rapid treatment
SVT......................................... supraventricular tachycardia
SZ........................................... seizure
SX........................................... symptom

[Tt]

T............................................. temperature
TCP......................................... transcutaneous pacing
TIA.......................................... transient ischemic attack
TKO......................................... to keep open
Tx............................................ treatment

[Uu]

UOA......................................... upon our arrival
URI.......................................... upper respiratory infection
UTI.......................................... urinary tract infection
UTL.......................................... unable to locate

[Vv]

V-fib.........................................ventricular fibrillation
VS............................................vital signs
VT.............................................ventricular tachycardia

[Ww]

W&D........................................ warm and dry
WNL........................................ within normal limits
WPW....................................... Parkinson-White Syndrome

[Xx]

None

[Yy]

YO (YOA)................................. years of age/ years old
YTD......................................... year to date

Symbols

M or ♂ .................................... male
F or ♀ .................................... female
+ .......................................... positive
- .......................................... negative
? ........................................... questionable
Ψ ........................................... psychiatric
~ .......................................... approximately
> ........................................... greater than
< ........................................... less than
= .......................................... equal
s ........................................... without
∆ .......................................... change
ā ............................................ before
L ............................................ left
R ........................................... right

Last Modified: 05/05/2010 - 14:20